Following the recommendations of the Second National Transformation Forum held in Praia in May 2013, the need for greater integration of demographic variables into development policies .
At the request of the Cape Verde Government through the Center for Strategic Policies of the Population Fund Regional Office of the United Nations ( UNFA ) for West and Central Africa , organized a Regional Technical Workshop on the Demographic Dividend in West and Central Africa . This workshop was held in Saly , Senegal on 20-30
The Demographic Dividend (DD) is the accelerated economic growth generated by the decrease in mortality and fertility of a country, followed by a progressive change in the age structure of the population: the young dependent population (under 15 years) becomes shrinking relative to the population of working age (15-64 years) .The dividend or demographic “window of opportunity” is identified as a logical potential that can be harnessed or not by the countries during the period of demographic transition. Their use depends on several aspects such as economic, institutional conditions of state, operation of the financial sector and family behavior, among others. African leaders have already expressed their willingness of their countries carry out actions for the realization of the DD. We can cite the decisions adopted at the African Common Position and Development Agenda after 2015. The aim of the workshop was to provide participants experts from various countries, the information and tools that will allow the appropriation of the demographic dividend calculation.
The workshop had participants from six countries : Cape Verde , Guinea Bissau , Sao Tome and Principe , Senegal , Equatorial Guinea and Togo. The Cape Verdean delegation was composed of 10 experts from different institutions, namely : Strategic Policy Center , National Planning Director , National Institute of Statistics , UNFPA Cape Verde , Ministry of Education and Sports , Ministry of Health , Ministry of Youth , employment and Human Resource Development , University of Cape Verde and the Journalists Network for the issue of population.